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Full text of "Superintendents of the Yellowstone National Parks Monthly Report, February 1921"

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 

YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

THE SUPERINTENDENT 

cuFi fro;: pile 143. 



MONTHLY REPORT 
for 
"February, 
1921, 



l/ 



r H L 7 T ^ 
1 32i 

T A B L B 1 Ga 

Page 

1 

II, " """ 

[II, : > 

3 












• 









- 

-■ - " 



i 






i 
used in making up this report attached hereto. 






DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

SUPcrilNTENOENT 

10, 1921. 



tear Mn 

Itm folio inr is report on ".ondltlons in 
Yellowstone national HMaj sad ** the operation of 
the pur « for the month of February, 1921s 

fimni coifriMoiSi 

Jho aenthly moan temperature waa £4.4. which 
was 4.$" above normal, a higher atan haa been recorded 
out six tinea In tho paat 3a years. ?wo unusually nam 
parioda occurred, aaxaely. from tho 9th-14th arid 2Jd-a6th. 
lhara wore 10 days with tangaratara above 40°, tho 
greatest number of record with tho execution of 1907 and 
1916. ?he rnada* of SO 6 on tho 24th and 5i« an tho 27th 
are tho HI0H&S2 



r*cln^tatlan« total. 0.62 Inch, la 1.22 inches 
below normal. 2he first 15 days wore generally cloudy and 
unsettled with frequent light sacwf the reminder of the 
namth waa comparatively t*m fron stoma and ansh aright, 
pleasant weather prevailed. 



Swewfall * fetal, 6.3 inches. Is less than one- 
half the normal. %e greatest fall .as 2.2 inehes on 
the loth. ?he greatest depth of snaw on the ground waa 
12.0 inehes en the 5th to the 6th. Tr* snow cover de- 
lsed steadily wndar the inflaonee of mild temperature, 
at the ou& of the month bat 5.4 inehes remained, 
whiah with four exceptions is the least of reaord for 
the date. 



lnd* fetal movement waa somewhat above aomal, 
bat the nexlam velocity, of 32 miles from the southwest 
on the 12th and 26th was not 



yaraaatage of po sible, 49. normal 53* 

She above statistics were furnished by tea 
Obaerver of the Local United states eat 

rati as taken at Perk Headquarters. Hie 



- 1 - 



2frt*orolO£.tMl Report for j?*brrary la anoloaod. a very 
l**go poraantaga of tha total araa of tho park Is 
laaatad At a much higher altltnda than Haaaoth, which is 
about d t «00 foot, and, tharafom, the wow in much doapar 
and tha wwathor colder over tha creator part of the park 
is shown ay thaaa flpws, 



fho high naan tamparatura and low precipitation, 
including snowfall, aarrad to radnea tha quantities of 
•now throughout tha park and made an unusual contrast 
between eaow conditions at tha be*i*v ij^ and at tha and 
of tha month* Many southern slopes v •■■. loft bare, un~ 
eoTerii« additional food for tha wild antaale, and their 
tendency thro ;-hout tha month was to ge higher* Am 
interesting eemparlson of snow depths in tha park* 
indieating a probable early spring and easy opening of 
roads In tha park, follows* 

Atftllftl 

JtoaJSl-aiaJtt imUSk - JOfci_£l 



Kuutt Hat 3prla,t, 


M 


15.5 


M| 


5.4 


Hoirle, 


20 




M 


12 


Slrarslda, 


30 


35 


M 


24 


tfppar Bat la. 








4 


Uallatin, 


27.3 


36.1 


£4 


|| 


Baahlor, 






40 


70 


iMfcl Ivor, 


49 


a 


52 


55 


Ztanfe, 






40 


H 


UMi 


34.5 




41 


M 


tJppw Tallo »tona. 


3T 




41 


30 


JtMt £ntraiu», 


£7 




34 


■ 


Ca.T^'On, 


50 




■ 


II 


Sovar fa: la. 


M 




24 


14 


Buffalo Rmh, 


14.0 




£2 


10 


ieda Batta, 




29 


SO 


12 



In general thoaa f igures show that at tha and of 
Janiv *y, 1920, and tha and of January* 1**1 # tha snow on tha 
ground in tha park wan about tha esnci that during fehru&iy, 
lf*0, its dapth insroaaad by awroral inchest, whllo during 
February, 1921, tha dapth of anaw daaraaaad about a foot, 
anaapt In tha southwestern part of tha park, where it in- 
ereaeed seweral inches* itr tha wild animals seeking higher 
grasing, and tha appaaranaa recently of <Mite a mcAor of 
earner birds, including blnabirds« blackbirds, and robins, 
tha indications eeen vary goad far an early spring, and tha 
opening of tha roads without much expense or difficulty* 



- * - 



BHBeV 

>e road between Headquarters and iartfiner, 5 
»il«* t vm the only oiw in the park open to aotor traffic 
during the month* Hit Cook* City raail carrier eentiwaed 
to trare? the road to Cooke rla Sower ?alli and ^eda 
Butte wit) light heree ***** and sleighe* ma-ciiwr the 
round trip onae a weak* 

Enclosed is the Chief .Sanger's ^rawe: b for 

fofcruary* 1921 9 and tor i*ebr,?a*y t 1920, for comparison* 

wm «ii aimUr Hirfrrt 

Bel**? on a winter Vaeie t no labor beyond the 
regular foroe was reti .Ired. ?/,o indie ati ne are. hover r, 
at the present tiiee that we shall bo able to ?;et plenty of 
iaborore and aeehajiios at a considerably leea war* then 
was i>aid last year. 

H© supplies were pure ased durla the *mth 
except eeal fron local mines, on ,/hioh the price hae not 
ehaueed such ^inoe last /ear* Prospects are geed for 
eao'irlxe subsistence and other supplies before they will 
be needed for the working cease* at a much lower rate and 
with quicker del War lee than laet year* 

II. HeWHMi 



On /ebriury let tir.ere were if employees em duty 
w>der tMe off lee, which had b en deareaeed en February 
28th to el* 

fhe following list eh owe the wrweber of employ eee 
of rarioue classes eerri^ under appointment daring the 
nenta* with a general etatwnent of the kind of wejfe performed: 

2fta xlMl Itttte If Witt *tXtoCM<\* 

Z Aeet* Sincere Off lee engineering, filing end 

cataloguing records* 

4 Clerks 1 risburslig Agent and purchasing 

Clerk) 1 elorit en east aoeount 
work and prcpervy; 1 etenographer- 
typiet on ordero, proposals, and 
Touchers; 1 stenegrapher~$ypist on 
stenographic ise*fc, files, and 
cutting and pasting oli pi%«* 



lit JUajull 

laatrlalani 
1 ?ala*raph Operator 



1 Salaohona MLMhi 
Vo&rd Operator 

1 Vastor KiihttU 



1 S'lfttftk'ifch 



»t»tof 



7 Laborer ■ 



I Baffalo Kaapar 

1 »»it«Buffalo /••per 

1 Park Natural i»t 

1 Fli 



gt Tl nt ran mrftim 

Road matera* did ttaaat aary 
liar and oparatad pawar 

plant regular fthlfta, in- 
aladlnf Sividaya. 

In eharga of stall ot at hea4-» 

quarters. a»d putting »P **•• 

> and reeelyed all iloYara- 
meat -oat«m Union ntsM*at| 
operated one shift an telephone 

'j*<to*jfcofi&rd» 

jleohine tnriteafeoard, 
daily shifts. In ludUv tt^ays. 

In change of shops, and of re- 
pairs to hear;- ;?oad machinery, 

Oaneral bleeksraitfc *erk f including 
eheetfie fcars a fat- ;:&oyj mroriv. 
in$ and mptilrLy; toela and coulp- 

Hcnorated quarters at hoad- 
qmurtera, alao painted signs and 
natttt 



In ehaiga of tolo;>hOM and 

t«>ltfrnpli ays tea* 7)id 

work mid in*t*il*A Instruments. 

?eawing f freighting, war* in ware- 

*CttllCMettl i»fl it attitWtoMta 



in • to iw house issuing aad 
rceeiwin* supplies* *nd sorting 

property. 

In aharg* of taae euf rale herd. 

Assisting Vaffalo Keeper, 

eleatifie research work. 

In charge if *cneral plating *ad 
impairs ta tana at headquarter a. 



1 Autoewblla teehanles 



Repairing Mtar trucks aad touring 
ears. 



- 4 - 



X .-atahmaa ftada hourly patrols dorl^r 

M »t Haadquartorej took 
Oaro of office, and *opt foraaoa 
ft*!*? daring tho nferht* 



1 Garpoutor impair** talldii^s at Hoad- 

faartars, and oY*rfcauladl aquip- 
mant in ahop« 

1 ChUf tiaqgor |i ttMQt of Baqgar foroo* 

1 m$** In otAi^e of northern district* 

£ Plrst-*la*s nutfanffara la *feaj*tf* of rawer stations and 

«aMi*£ riatrols* 

14 Park Razors In sharga of raxwr«r station*, 

dola* patrol work, eto. 1 in 
charge of southern district at 
Aatlftg ua'stant Chi* • 

3 faaparary Park Kangars Doing regular patrol «ark« 1 

assisting la Chi of ttaqgar'a Off loo. 

1 nr§tmm la shar&o of furnaces at hoadquartert. 

la adaiilua to tho ?<$uliir arrpao^oeft listad atovo undor 
avpotafcmmfc, tba following wo attplo^ad temporarily V tho dayi 

ii iii mi m 

Xaherors, r ' 1 

Hod laborers. 3 T 

1 



Daring Pehraary, annual loaves of aasenee rn gran tad 
aa follows* 

**i*$, £*ark Baiter, *Q da, s - Ml* 1-24 

Burton c. UOflftVa* Buffalo i r e«p*r, I d«y- Pel* 1-n on 

Calrla 0, Jterlst Park Ranger, J»| « - ***• 1 (noon)-Bd 

Barton C. ;,msonV t B iff ale Koap«r # *& * - /eh, 14*19 (noon) 

'./aadail ' . tiahSfi Park Sanger, f " - **¥♦ 1-1 (noon) 

Alfred . , ?<e»oa 9 Lalrcrer, Z " - Peh, 1-2 

teJe Tatwueadf cv;<*r t 4& * - fat* 1-5 (noon) 

tfeo. j, tamt M , Olorkt »• - Pea, T-X5 (noon) 

Hani Larssm 9 Park aa*gwr 9 4fr ■ - PeV 14-1B (noon) 




- ft - 



Barry tMsetofta, 


. &e* v 


*§* &»y* 


- Mil* 14-10 (jrcoa) 


Iw ebh, 


*nt«r f 


1 


M 


- Fobs 14-19 


James Kur ell. 


tifti ttat&er, 


l*§ 


n 


- jfebs 14-S8 


Garrle 0« Kimicir, 


sttnagrap! • •• r*- typi** » 




W 


- Foii« sa-sa 


Kay Gray, 


labor t*r , 


a| 


* 


- Fobs 15-17 (aooaj 


Baal el V« fvl 


H 


3 





Ik 14-18 


Helen . &utt* 


Ml r-Sypiet, 




w 


- ?ebs 2 t:aoo»)-3~ 


Helen K# Ntftatt* 


w w 


1 


M 


- Febt 21 


. * . 0Nta#| 


Far ft. Hattger* 


e 


« 


- Feb* 18-38 


i i * Vmsmm* 


ilnter» 


4; 


M 


- Mb* 14-18 (noon) 


(rootle Is ^ask^an, 


•Safkg 


1 

■ 


«» 


- Feb* 21 {noon} 


Geo^o ^sJf«rl«a»ft 9 


2.aborGr, 


5 


«* 


• 9e%* 21-26 


tfreA !• Bowiell* 


* 


9 


a 


* Jtebs S - 7 (noon) 


Charlie It ttaett. 


Blaefeanith, 




« 


- Mb* 8-9 (aeon) 


$0! 11© rOHCh f 


telephone Operator, 


H 


- Vb. 26.(aooa)-&7 


Charge It Iteetmaji, 


Clerk, 


i 


N 


• Polls 26 


l ? «J» -?e«r»is«?»ft y 


Piute Baqger, 


M| 


»♦ 


- Talis 3 (noon) - 20* 


•Siek leave to *e applied for* 










Aja^iafrwatt* 









mniw 



fher© V|M ao appointment a he«0rai% eff$etlva dari«$ the 



;aaar&tloqa « 

taeu l&i Joan B* H**rrey # Uotarayole ;jeeha**le, $120 p&* month* 

loavfl IJJifcBt Tato t Jteelw of ^raaeportatloa John Mtaar wae granted 
a leave of ahaeoe without pay, effective Jaauary 14, 1921, ae par 
your latter data* tfebru&ry 8» 19tts It la likely that ha will he 
recalled te the Serried before the expiration of this terms 

HZ* WBK CtiHFXJHB^i 

ffcere wae no aeuatruofclcm vera la pregreaa tatrii|£ the 
snoath ?>:r February. 

(» fcfcawwwsi ftM awfttr rt ttnlirt 8mbbwmi» 

Shore le nothing to report nad«r thla h#adings 

(e) HiffftH^nm^ IWMWMJI IWM 

Moat ef the 'tfork done durixg the moath by the regular 
vial or ferae la imported m der z\m heading *v;eifc in Progresses 

iJhe two englaeera devoted praetie&lly all of their ttae 
throaghoat the month to work in the offiee, aafl completed worfc aa 
fbHovtj 

- 6 - 



?he final pi wis t quantities coasted, &&d oom* 
plete looatl in of Great Fountain Geyser Baffin Bead* in- 
oX«Ai«f; the design i» detail oft 

X - 5* x Mf * 80* 
1 - X2* x l f »" x 30* 
1 - 4* x |ij** a: 30* 

ooaerete culverts tfttt Iw el«mraaea to fit the fieXd coa- 
ditiene* 

1-30* steel X-feeiro bridge* vitlf the tarns 
ine&eed in aouereta, w&* de&i&ned in dataiX for lorson 

CfWK, Ea*t i?0W8t KOSerre* 

X - 00* aenarata ?«4kmwi > r ooff 

Greek oil the Bast FoMftt lieaerve was partial I? detailed* 

^a* for a taftfc.- ->ix|p er&te were made* 

She 2.««U < iver re&d imprmmtnt - rr«m the 
X4 «*ile pee t to the Id mile poet south ef the 2huafr * \ms 
worfced up in detail. 

A ferae ii# of the traaaaiisaioii ef the 75 ♦ . 
Caterpillar f&» shop use ms mde* 

Bte ttft ftd pXsme for the i^provo«8fc*it suad 

repair* te $ e s$>ririfcl«a# ejretem throughout the park were 
partially completed* 

flha tae* ef |«fefeiag ^ feh* year** eapply of lea for 
nee at Kead<marter* f etieh *?ae fea&ttt* o» Aaraary ink* #as com- 
pleted Botmary 10th* e have X80 terns of exeelle t toe 
stored for the season** use* ef vhiek X4S tene were put up 
tbie ; ear* «ad the tmlsace was left ever from last year f e 
stoek* She same erew alee pat up SI® tene ef lee for the 
BoteX Cemp&ay; 10 teas for &eorge Mttafeer* aa& X3 tene for 
the Park Curie he $rm working together en & cooperative 

tests and dividiac? the es:#*asa* irt proportion to aatn&x cost* 
the o&et $er tea wee atoiife )£«$$ tf»r eattiaft* haoliag nearly a 
wile with teams «ad sleighs* and reeking in the tee house* 

(d) s^yrtot feq ttft ^frUs* 

The Chief taagaf** travel Report for , ith 

eopy of same re. c>r eomt^rlson, tire 

appended, ac prtnriouftl^ mentioned in this report* Ho attention 
was paid te this feature for the reason that them was no 
travel ef anp eaasaqitanea to the ptffe 



- 7 - 



9* Bationnl *ar* prfbllaationa w«m aant 
froa of aharga* 73 short lattora waro aant -a- 

fly to aiwpla i«Wtti/lM| 1ft a*™ 1 at Vara repair in* 
loiter* neri taannljal ?*pliea w.r-a asiswared aftar 
im rtViy the naaasaury fcl»a In aaaroMna; out tha in- 
formation d^airan. In a<! itlon, 91 lattera a 
for poaitiona war* ana* rod. ™atly ay rafarriner tha 
apoliaanta *> **• Batal Oaa»na*y t tha Canpa Coajnmay, or 
tha :r«naoo station Comply • «• aaas»d no it auitahla. 



iv. won n nuMBttSi 



fhara '**s no HM I war* 1* prafrssa 

daring too wonth. 



2ha llMAi iror* thai waa aa*oajplisSad whian 
no *b «*dar tMa haadiaa; sM dona la IM rarular 
foroa an* is envovad In a f ollowins paragraph under 
"llisdallaneoaa orie% 



Phe afflaa laraa waa on duty dally from St BO 
A4U to »t8C ... oaaaapt tm Sandaya and holidaye, and 
per feme* tha usual routine ear* am leathers, ooet re- 
porte, wrraepomdaaee, filiate ate*. a*d eanaieeralle 
prerreea waa mad* an :>eatia* up all rootage in aorap 
hooka, aid ?aa*ine; lists of property In eanmeotion *ith 
a ooaplete UsTtsU 



Park Ralur alls t 3fclnme? aamttanad his fiald 
wane an htrde «* antaae, and eepaeially on tha antelope 
herd, nhioh eearamd a largo part of >• .•oaaial 

stadias on maeeum eemetruotlon and forestry we -e oarried 
along. Ot: *r studies ourauaA |y hta, «* indicated in lis 
notes on Sanson ehausua, information ssrrloa, *ud natural 
*, are eaVadled in thio report. 



She Headquartare aonfajl and email lahor foroa 
worked at patting m in* until aheut ?eVrwary lOtht did 
mieaallaneoua Kanlinfr *i fuel, aafcee, r*rha*e, ete. f 
hauled Z airloads of ooal from the rat?ro*d station to 
Haadtjuartors, ami did »iaca31anaona vof* .-naiatUt; tha 
moahaalee and othar naMseavy war* around Bead*uartere 
in ooimootion vim aaro 



- | - 



ua patrols 
on 2 utaiat keeping the elk of that r*£lon 

baav towards blatt^b Gre*fc f where b^jr has been fed *inee 
about the «na of last Sovarfbar* She r**r*l»r n&trols 
were aifio ^i in all die trie ts bgr the rancors on 
afcafcioa, and spee!Ul patrols ware si ate hgr *atli* Assistant 
lef Ranger T*oq£2as 9 in eotspa?^ v*?» 

) « Into she wilds of th# Eastern »iet te »&)» a 

spatial iJtrostltfaULon of the condition at the wild buffalo. 

weather eoaaiuoas for travel in* sa snow shoe a and on 
skis were £**d* tuough t»o»t i>r the trawelii^ had to be 
<to3*a in o .tin,; or late wraniag* wfcaa tha mow vat 

hard, as is usual a« this season of ths y«w 9 

I plusfea* ;*vd efc*rg* of tl* aiiKMii and repairs 
0/ oar extensive water and sewar system, and heating plants 
in ths various buildiqgs as Koadqiuartars, zoakintf I 
neeesuar,* repairs to saxss as required* fia also installed 
a hot «fcter hosting *y stam la the **iat shop tori*? ths 
wamthf aeiag ol*i nti&oriai that wad w*. 

building e* ?ho ^int shop Is used 1*or . ' it lag and 

ramishiT^ vehialee 9 and whan heated with stores it Is a 
dimenlt matter to gat a good Jab of vamisMng on aoeount 
of the dust ineldent to hasping up flras in stoves to haat 
tha building and earrylng out tha ashas. mis trouble is 
obviated by tha hat water system of heating* which Ul also 
be *ore eeonotaloal in MM ose of fuel. 

She painter and his assistant asr is ted the plumber 
in install iig tha heating systam in fcho paint shop 9 Made 
naaaso»r v v ehsn^as in tha arrangement of the shop to give 
roea for the radUtors. and painted vehieles and other eq. 
naat tha balanaa of tha time* 

She shop foroe made exwej lent progress in tha work 
of giving motor vehlales and equipment a most thorough mH0* 
haalizg so It *ill be in ?irst«-«laaa aaadition for use next 
season, fee aarpaater made 15 bulletin boards for use next 
sumer in publla eaape* repaired aqulpmnt* &nd did raall 
repair work on buildings where oaoaalea arose, MMI raeehaalos 9 
in addition to asking good pragrass an the genoral overhaul!**? 
cf trucks and motor aers. teak dawn the 7u . . Qatar illar 
?raetor and made good p**$f»n in eleanis** It up and repair- 
ing and installing mm parts needed to put it in rood con- 
dition for tha next suasar's war*, fhe blaaksiith repaired 
road graders and hawy equipment, and made ganoral repairs to 
tools firora tha etor*»houae 9 ahar A oaniiitr plafce 9 eto. 

fha foramn in ahaxge of stablaa at Keadq*»rtor» 9 
•land, had oharge of tha a^aw putting up iea up to 
February 10th and slnae tha* data hm ^mte axoallant progress 

- 9 - 



in epatriiii&r h&mvm m& %m%u in MM uinrp, in addition %o 
lookup aftsr ths #e*^quart«r*8 sorr 

**** towi Una op© rat ions wars 

•OBMMtAf «M $fi£H Use tris teas dl4 thft 

»s««a ^oortr so2m-*«$ed byaro-slsetris 

plant, and Jsspt ths Siass km t« i u rsgsblr, read 

*astsrs f sad ottif*?* vsite iasideatnl to ths BUSStSS aratioa 

* f **• Ws As ifRim 

ftt>;: ' <*«?§ «wse - f whsft It 

was run fcnfc stout 12 hours, ^ 

^ *u»ua*sd t& l f "aissatt tours, 

i cours w**s aold to park utilities* 60 1> „ ( 
tours Mrs assd im r»« stT-sets ml nigfet, and 

ths Klines ms ssasoasd i%f%u tor lighti» 

sad psws* pnrposss, ^nd lost la tree 5 r the Xinss, 

fhs psafc Wat for ths sasntli «?** £* kiiswatts, 

loss of rspalr «ar* wis dons at ths 
ponw pla&t du jecfc&nta*, 

aesi&tsd by ^h# slsstrlslaas* fbs thrast Davids 33 !&ahim 
• $ tod s+Sfl "sors or loss tr sflworal years 

lflr ruafetafc hst, -Mas was tafcsn doran and %h& soarings 

tafesa to ths shops, sfci <#<***& ssr^isd and ths s1*sts 

sasotfcsd up, £fe* aisshlas *rae pat hsok In ssrris* on ths 7th t 
sad sftsr a fsw is$rs f numla^ to &st it wall n la", it 

hat run quite smoothly. 

As in ths tS month* ths as activist ss 

wsrs aors or Is *sd with on acoccnt of iag 

sf 2«&rs« in asensroas s***s 1>, 

toarswasnts v.- 2«*k ?tiijtfrsfr 

*fc* Tslla-stsa* ?&rit Gsaps Csn^usy amploysd taras 
won st KasMth sferiqr fehs asath of Fs^r^ry * 1 oarpsnts* sad 
two sssshsniss, srarlunlLi* s^ijwoat la ths *hsp, 

$to Bofcsl Oo^^r sssploysd «ts*6» ksspsrs for ths 
hotels at Jtoossth, Ifarris satl , oyssr ftseia* ia^s 9 

sad Canyon* 

vtfction Ompm# na* ttvs MSB at wsrk at 
Jtsjsaotfc, sns in shares who ^las ran tto ma!.l st«^s totirssa 
SiasRsth sad Oar Inters* rsfinishing ths 

^r f s mtox ▼shi^los* 



Mr, 0ss%s \%ittalcsr raa his ^sasral »tsrs at awaoth 
in oointsotisa witb tto pott off iss. 



- 10 - 



She onlv or;: icwmmA daring Pebruary Is as 
noted under pierv ^In^s. 

TI« PUIS OS JMMMB 

ate nothing la known of any plana of the 
pafello utilities operating la the pork for ft 
in tho lino of infrwrenrats or >.mintenanee than are now in 
progress. Rumors hare toon hoard that tho Hot 01 OOMjinigi 
and tho Transportation Company intend to 9ond In a con- 
siderable force about tho middle of tarch to bcerln f *e 
extensiro plans for putting thoir plants in shape for tho 
tourist season. 



Our work will oonslst of a continuation of tho 
routine off loo work, giving special attention to tho work 
of bringing tho proper^? rot urn up to datO| o on tinning tho 
otbor Important work mentioned under heading IT incidental 
to tho upjcedp and operation of the usee Bear, Veadquarters 
ao>ivitV:s. repair, and general everhftulii^? of tools and 
squirm t, and active patrols V the ranger force far the 
purpose of pro tee bine; the wild animals from poachers and 
extermination of predatory animals* 

Unofficial notice has also been received of the 
passage of the sundry 0M1 Bill ISWSjiUg nctt yemr'a 

".atioa far the par* sad including >j£5 9 90Q to 
Imasdiatcly fsrailable, and clans are I !c to allot 

and make road;/ for the expenditure of this money to Mm 
test possible ttdTant^e in opening ro/%ds ami otbor 
isary pro-season work* 



lag SLarsh it le also oontmsplased ssleeting 
a list of names frcra among the various e s to fill 

the positions as temporary rangers during the tourist 
season, and make requests for their appointments* Also 
to look u.) »nd waloe arran^enttnts for eraployraent of men to 
fill other positions for the sooner, and to soaks other 
srrsn&ements for the eoalag busy season as far ahead as 
may be ;>raotieable f such as seeurlu?: teams* supplies, eto« 

yii# j?ouo ( .m. 

So new policies were adopted during the month* 

fill. MM 09 0?»RA?1CV: 

)ie report showing cost of work durii^ February 
was transmitted by separate letter on .Larch Itfe* 

- 11 - 



AM 



2he weather and snow coat 'Plained faro rah Xe 

to All wild animals, as they had boea throughout the winter. 
Reports indicated that tha elk and &**r continued to h ve a 
tendency ta range high aud that they were gefctiiig ample 
forage. She large herda socried to be sp» I iore than they 

;ver* In Jmu-*y, and reports ale© indicated that tha 
devastation aeiox^ tHara ^ eeyetes in«t walwee waa on tha in- 
crease. 

fe+fayi- fauna hard* It was neeeasary to continue te faad 
hay to the tm buffalo at tha raneh during tha ncnOi ef 
Fah it tha jiroapaata are that tha ana int being fad can 

ho ant dawn notarially at m early *»*• ** tha warm weather 
haa uncovered much geod graalng ground In tha laaar 
2he rati n darii« February *&* tha hard waa about 4,500 lbs. per 
day. ^ha hard Is In excellent aondltlon and a hie ***** ***V *• 
expected. About » of the old halls of tha hard ha*a wintered 
in tha mountains away from the othere. Koeently these hsara 
begun to drift back to tha reaeh and join tha balanee of tha 
hard. Ho ealvea appeared during the aonth* One of the saw 
calves recently reported ws killed by Veiag garad tp a hull 
tha rawih, time leaving hut 4 calves to data, 2he hide was 
off and sarad aa a soecltson. 



. • co/sjaaaii i cu«o£va eatrol wwiy l mil 
Valley to locate aa many aa possible of tha wild buffalo, 
trip waa aada on skis and covered a period of eight days. But 
27 of tha buffalo ware found. Poll >wii^ this trip, by appoint- 
ment, So^las mat Ranger im of tha Soda Butte District at 
Cold Creak Cabin on tha upper Laaar, and on a patrol dawn Xanar 
lilver they found 2$ more of the wild huff ale. Conditions ware 
not good, however, aa the atmosphere waa foggy, e*d Douglas is 
of tbe opinion that there are oaay aara of tha wild herd in the 
Vppor haamr and Cache Creak ecuntzy. loose aean were in 
excellent coalition and gottlir an ample eupply of forage. 

ewo buffalo hides and one etall, eared frea ani als 
that died a year or two ego, were shipped to Brooklyn, 
for r. Bdraaad Seymour, iresiaant of tha .-vzwriaan Bison society. 



la hears ware aaan 9 hut rumors wore heard that a 
few treats had boon found, indicati*r that thejr ware coming out 
of their winter ^miM earlier than usual. 



II - 



olal attention was given to the ami] 
herd of antelope Sales jrl/ft noar ttar* 'he,, 

aro apnare* wo 11 co touted and hare not tried 

to leave tho park this winter as they often do 'hen the 
winters aro severe, > but aro feeding /ell back froa tho park 
line fence, lianger rSoJuau auch tl e 

to patrollng anon*., tho antelope, reports finding tho 
earoasBes of out throe during tho entire winter, of ich 
two wore killed by eoyotes an* tho i 
wanner of death. 

Dear* Door aro plentiful, out well soaUercd through- 
out tho northern seotion of ho parte* further data relatinc 
to doer will bo found in this report under tho heading of 
\ easoual Changes 1 *. 

Klki The larg« herds of elk wintering on Kellroaring, 
Slough Creek, end Unar : Ivor, split op into arasller hands 
and aro working «P to higher levels then ss m eis n at tl Is 
time of the r. lioports of elk were received fro* 
Crook, J dlroaring, Specimen Hidge, Norrls, Oaehe Creek. 
ilillor Creek # Msuesta. Black tail, ^leotrie ?oak f end a few 
from the Lake, tat re«y few deed elk were found duria- the 
month. One eew was found deed near the an oth power plant, 
apparently having died from natural causes, indict l ns 
aro that deathe from predatory animals were very small so 
far as the elk are concerned. iho bulls were sheddlus 
their home during February, and the wood tleks are beginning 
to bo noticeable. A 5-year old bull elk was eaptured near 
Mammoth Hot o or lugs and on feermsry 8th was shipped to the 
City of Sheridan, yoming. under your authority dated 
December 21, 1920. ord was •eooived that this 
his destination in exoellont condition, hen Set *ed his 
horns had not been shed, so it was necessary to sew then off 
to ot him in a reasonably slsed orate. Ihis is a comparative 
sSisple operation and wee accomplished without any special diffi- 
culty. *>o or tijpee other elk are wanted for shi pment , but the 
weather has reeently been so mild that it is not caey to eepture 
them and it is doubtful if they A 11 be shipped this wi tor. 
About 2,000 head of elk were fed on slough Crook during February. 
?he hay supply there is getting lew and will not last until the 
end of /.arch, but it is now apparent that amy necessity for 
feeding will have gone before that tine. 

Mmatalu sheent She sheep were not emeh in evidence during 
February. Doubtless they wore feeding hi h up in ho mountains 
on account of tho mild weather and were net observed^ 

Moose t So reports were received of moose hawing been 
seen. Shis is due to tho fact that tie rancors who usually 
patrol the noose country devoted most of the month to looking 
up tho wild buffalo. 

- 13 - 



Camlvora : I isual, the coyotes and wives arc 

^•eonlng: none in evidence towards spring* and as the 
•He and dear get thinner and the beasts hungrier, 
there Is /tore and mere killing* So accurate reports 
were received of the number of dead animals f sod 
that had been killed by coyotes and woltes, but to 
date the kill! * has not been extensive* Efforts are 
being made to exterminate as many ac f these 

pests* r.a ;:.er Henry ndersoii devoted most of his time 
during February to this work and succeeded in killing 
06 coyotes, and other rangers on duty in the elk 
country have killed quite a nu ber* One fox also fell 
a victim to the poison placed in a carcass by Anderson 
for poisoning eoyotes and wor . idorson v/ill son- 
tinue his effective work, and further efforts will be 
raids to reduce the nunfoer of predatory animals that 
are preying upon the elk and deer* 

Sraalng t On aeooimt of the thawing weaker 
prevalent thro i*;h out February, the snow left many 
acres of excellent grass uncovered, and there was no 
shortage of feed for the wild smteals during the »ntb. 
in any section of the park frequented b r then* 

letes on birds will be found under the head- 
ing "Seasonal Changs". 

Fishing ms fairly good in the Gardiner Hivar 
below the mouth of Boill ♦ and quite a marin er of 

residents of the Park and of Gardiner enjoyed it. 



fhe f oUowIt^ notes en Seasonal Obangea in 
the park were furnished V Hfc • • ixmm 9 the Park 
natural lst« 

Botanical t Grass began to grow In a f w sunny, aum 
«, gpots en the 11th. i^resh clover leaves 

in the loans at ftiwcth on the 27th 

Birds i Pallid horned larks (the ear} 

migratory bird) returned on the 14th; red- 
pells reappeared en the 11th. Along the 
Gardiner Iver, the mallard decreased tc 



14 - 



25, American go Idea-eye to 1, and Barrow 
golden-eye to 12 j tht- ilson snipe v king- 
fisher, 3 **ong s narrows, 75 dippers, and 
6 £ownsend solitaires regained as la 
January. In the neighborhood of Haamothc 
magrios deer as ed to 6| aufceraekers In- 
creased to 8; the blaemvhe&ded Jays, green- 
winged teal, mallard, and leneostlotes re- 
mained as In January* la addition a oaky 
Hountain hairy woodpecker and several 
neuntaln chickadees were seen at different 
tines. nutcrackers began nesting on the 
25th. A song sparrow was heard sinking on 
the 28th. 

AnJbaals* Mule deer Vegan casting their horns on the 
3rd and finished on the 25th. Itol* deer 
began moving towards the sumacr ranges em 
the 19th, aevsjseat still going en at the end 
of the month. 

kite tail deer finished easting horns 
on the 10 th. 

fly after the 1st. the elk within 
four miles of Maraoth increased to nine 
hundred head* and then drop m« to four 
hundred head at the end of the month, ihe 
elk wintering on Bunsea ?eak joined the 
j*err aoettoan taln herd on the 16th. lift began 
flawing towards the earner ranges on the 19th, 
sjov still going ea at the bjjA of the month, 

tells began easting their horns at the end of 
the month. 

Mean tain sheep remained on the bench east 
of the Gardiner CsJayoa until the 27th, bat sieved 
up high on Ht« Svcrts on the 28th. ihey began 
shedding wool ea the HNhe 

ioe the 1st, the antelope hare been 
•OTing higher on their ranges as the 
retreating snow line uncovered no re and mere 
forage, uatll they were at the 7,000 foot level 
oa He inverts on the 28th. *rge winter 

bands began breaking into smaller groups on the 
3rd. At the end of the month 80 \ of the basics 9 
horns were Ml grown and the * reminder leaked 
but an Inch or two. 

Bear tracks of animals leaving hibernation 
reported by Rather Henry Andersen on the 27th. 

Boavor tsttisg •CtesSBVCJpi sjs! alder a*ssaj 
the Gardiner 

2he first ground squirrel out of hibern. 
seen oa the 24th, sad the first woodchunk ea the 
27th. 

- IS - 



Insect a* j?h© first ooamon flies at ttamsfth soon on 
the 1st; riles ml insects a ..nofch 

for a blacii awl brown 

oe ing insects 

.Ion*;- betneen 
* on the 22nd. 



Based on the above data, the season is own- 
ing up twelve days earlier than the average year* 

Ho arrests were made* and no vi< -m 

was reported during the month el 

but few trappers at war in the vieiaU P?*rfc 

linos, and the ranger 3 * 

^ho are at worlu She vamv of the far mrfcet 

leaves bat little incentive to trapping* 

3e far as wo have fe*n able to ascertain, 
there has been bat little if a*y violation of low by 
idllii^ in game preserves, or oat of season. 2he 

F st Rangers p*otoetln£ the district along the aorta 
line of the park report no depredations. Scarcely any 
elk and not many ^r hare left the to the 

Plough Creek, Kellroaring. and Crevioe Mount* 
It is reported that about 500 are working in and oat of 
the park across the line below aardia^r, and that they 
are act bain* Molested by poachers. 

Both the legislature of I ntaae and of 
hare recently b en in aes ion, and new gazae lews hare 
been enacted which will be most advantageous to the 
cause of game protection as cornered with the laws which 
here been in force in recent years. Copies of the re- 
vised laws have not yet been received. 

fteroat jflras. 

i*re is nothing to report undo- sading. 

^j G,^- gg| flMN&ftftHb 1 

So accidoats of any consetiuenoe were reported. 



Banger Court Dewlap •■ °» 8 * c3c Isave until the 
24th, under treatment for severe storaaefc trouble. He was 
sufficiently reowrered to resume his duti • 



- 16 - 



wnsend was 111 during the entire 
month, under treatment by 

Helena, on tuna, a»& b t %r physician* It is a 

little doubtful if he will be pay* capable of re- 

hie duties as a park ran^ . 



<* there were ae teg -see ef illness 

smeqg Hie families in the parte* there were several eases 
of tons i litis, a disease whit is often prevalent he?* 
at this time el r* 

UtihsV 

She wife of Clerk Eastman grave birth to a fine 
T| lb* bey, George , at a maternity hospital in 

Livingston* .Montana, e ry 13th. fhe mother and 

baby returned to the park on Fetr th* 

MssHiUffiH ——-' 

Doctor V«Bc Cras/buok was here throughout the 
smith* «ss*ap* when he made short trips to nearby towns 
on business, (aid took m*>f of the employee* and families 
who required his services, under special arrangement 

perk residents* He reports that he euslt a total of 
70 professional calls la the park duriijg *Vbr:^ary* 



fee in# notos on the natural 

of the park irnlahed t^ Park naturalist Skinner: 

At Star. 
spring that furnishes water I erraee) oontinues 

the sane as last month* j?he spring: to the south is still 
increasing in activity and the algous growth continues* 
Harble 1!err&ce Is not iuite so active. *-»ugel ■•toraaa is 
now active in three different places. ftjg is 

very pretty* &nA the whole terrace compares vury favorably 
with what it vr-s last year* -?he ophaat asmins 

the same as two rfton&hs ago* ing is 

increasing slightly* ■* -«m 

are nor ne wenge terrace is slowly beceadLns; more 

active* the color better and more delicate, s -his 

terrace will soon be worth g lag- to see onee more after 
the lapse of unsay years* flnerva terrace seests absolutely 
dead* lound 2errao* continues normal* etbW Spring: 

oontinues to dry op. Cleopatra ?erra*e eentinues the mam 
as last month. Kyiaen 2erraee is net so astive and parts 
of It are drying up* but the ehsaege is very slight as yet. 



- 17 - 



i >e>r in Wad m -i^ls for 

the Yol lew stone x>- 

iff* en business F<*v 

Motion ^lotur* s » 

Ho asetlon picture -re e&se to the park 

during Mwar;;, 



Merlng ?ietur* shows wer o Poet 

Sxsheng* auditorium tihe venires of & and 

feuroh Servteee were held la the ehapel both 
aoml*g iiad eroa >ebruary 6th f ^ Her. *th. 

pastor of the SqgU srau CJ1 >n # 

l&ntana. Communion worries were he3d on the rsomlue of 
February let by Ber. #e A. Iseopal 

minister from Livingston* Montana, and an evoking Berries 
alao lratn b/ Sfefe lonp on /ebynwjr &3th. 



One of the aort7ma»nt. peek horses died 
February 10th t and authority was In. tor sso rod from your 
office to drop It from the property return, 
eerttfle&tc ranker who found it. 

h was taken fcion 

was advertised h&r postin-' notices in adjoining towns on 
February Slat. 

A report of wiles due, collected, and tror.s- 
altted. »ado in duplicate on the rag . - 

59 and lQ-60 t is enclosed. £hia report is aeoompanled 
by postal money or^er dAted Ps HWM f 9, 1921 . Ho. 4£112„ 
in aramnt *1.00, drawn to your order on the Postmaster 
at tati B. t by the I'oetoast ne 

Park, '-yoning:. representing th- ^rcois&itted 

herewith, a* sfcovii by the r • Acknowledgment of the 

reeeipt of fckr> enclosed money enter in r*<*\ieet;ed. 



?he Director, 
National Par oe. 

Departissat of tft<e tntes , 
h ins ton. p.o. 

Enclosures. 



Chester 1. Llndsley. 

rig £u?erlatendert. 



^^dA *f 'Yu/mtY , '<**' 






V 



*-rt, / 



/, 'f/t*sn 4 'A d*y ^ // 



** 2fy&i>H* Mw ?(fr^ <A^A /^ ^ ?/> ^«^ 



'</ /o Cots. */£7 

, * 



A /*wk /?&<* /x5&/7 ^/v/^/ 

^Zs^O & / &&&" / /<Z//&'7 

46 2£A&€/ £//=> & £" &* 



£/^r **/r?e* *>v*»*a>- < 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 



OF THE SUPERINTENDENT 



inarch 1 ( 19 21, 
KBPORT Oft NATURAL PHENOMENA. 

To: Chester A. Lindsley, Acting Superintendent. 
*rom: M. P. Skinner, Park xiaturalist. 



At Mammoth Hot Springs: .dlue Spring (the 
spring that furnishes water to Jupiter Terrace) con- 
tinues the same as last month. The spring to the 
south is still increasing in activity and the algous 
growth continues. Marble Terrace is not quite so 
active. Angel Terrace is now active in three dif- 
ferent places, the coloring is very pretty, and the 
whole terrace compares very favorably with what it 
was last year. The White Elephant remains the same 
as two months ago, Activity at Orange Spring is 
increasing slightly. -Bath Lake and the devil's 
Kitchen are normal. Harrow ^uage Terrace is slowly 
becoming more active, the color better and more delicate 
so that this terrace will soon be worth going to see 
once more, after the lapse of many years. Aline rva 
Terrace seems absolutely dead. liound ^errace con- 
tinues normal. The Palette Spring continues to 
dry up. Cleopatra Terrace continues the same as 
last month. Hymen Terrace is noz so active and 
parts of it are drying up, but The change is very 
slight as yet. 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 



OF THE SUPERINTENDENT 



March 1, 1921, 
REPORT Oii INFORMATION SERVICE, 

To; Chester A Linasley, Acting Superintendent, 
Prom: M. P. Skinner, Parle Naturalist. 

93 National Park publications were sent out 
free of charge. 73 short letters were sent out in 
reply to simple inquiries; 16 more letters requiring 
longer, more technical replies were answered after 
spending the necessary time in searching out the 
information desired. in addition, 91 letters applying 
for positions were answered, mostly by referring the 
applicants to the Hotel Company, the Camps Company, 
or the Transportation Company, as seemed most suitable. 



F.£.C'fc 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 



OF THE SUPERINTENDENT 



March 1, 19 21. 
REPORT ON SEASONAL CHANGES. 

To: Chester A, Lindsley, Acting Superintendent* 
Prom: M,P. Skinner, Park Naturalist* 



x>otanical: Grass began to grow in a few sunny, warm spots on 
the 11th. tfresh clover leaves in the lawns at 
mammoth on the 27th. 

i3irds: Pallid horned larks (the earliest migratory bird) 
returned on the 14th; redpolls reappeared on the 
11th. ALong the Gardiner River, the mallard de- 
creased to 25, .American golden-eye to 1, and Harrow 
golden-eye to 12; the Wilson snipe, kingfisher, 3 
song sparrows, 75 dippers, and 6 Townsend solitaires 
remained as in January. in the neighborhood of 
mammoth: magpies decreased to 6; nutcrackers increased 
to 3; the black-headed jays, green-winged teal, mal- 
lard, and leucostictes remained as in January; in 
addition a Rocky mountain hairy woodpecker and several 
mountain chickadees were seen at different times, 
nutcrackers began nesting on the 25th. A song 
sparrow heard singing on the 28th. 

Animals: Mule deer began casting their horns on the 3rd and 

finished on the 25th. Mule deer began moving towards 
the summer ranges on the 19th, movement still going 
on at the end of the month. 

White tail deer finished casting horns on the 10th # 
Shortly after the 1st, the elk within four miles 
of Mammoth increased to nine hundred head and then 
dropped to four hundred head at the end of the month. 
The elk wintering on Bunsen Peak joined the Terrace 
mountain herd on the 16th. Elk began moving towards 
the summer ranges on the 19th, movement still going 
on at the end of the month. Bulls began casting . 
their home at the end of the month. 

mountain sheep remained on the bench east of the 
Gardiner Canyon until the 27th, but moved up high on 
Mt, Everts on the 28th. They began shedding wool 
on the 25th. 



Since the 1st, the antelope have been steadily mov- 
ing higher on their ranges as the retreating snow line 
uncovered more and more forage, until they were at the 
7000 foot level on Mt. Everts on the 28th. The large 
winter "bands began breaking iri^smaller groups on the 
3rd* At the end of the month 80# of the bucks' horns 
were full grown and the remainder lacked but an inch 
or two. 

Bear tracks of animals leaving hibernation reported 
by Hanger Henry Anderson on the 27th, 

leaver cutting cottonwood and alder along the Gar- 
diner River. 

The first ground squirrel out of hibernation seen 
on the 24th, and the first ivoodchuck on the 27th. 

The first common flies at Mammath seen on the 1st; 
flies and insects on the Mammoth formation on the 
5th; a black and brown caterpillar on the 14th; and 
flying insects of many kinds noted all along between 
Mammoth and Gardiner on the 22d. 



Based on the above data, the season is opening 
up txvelve days earlier than the average year. 



E OF SUPERVISOR 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

March 3rd, IMBU 

Chief Ranger* a Monthly Report* 
?ehruaiy 1921. 



Jones HoBride, 

Chief Banger, 

Yellowstone national Park* 



Pile A* Sec. F« 



February Monthly Report • 



Page 1. 



OBNKHAL COHDITIOHSi 



BULEffi* 



Continual th-a?s, practically thru 
the entire month left many of the south slopes 
bare and reduced the snow depth from six to 
fourteen inches » Die warm weather was respon- 
sible for many of the big game animals drift- 
ing to the high ridges in the interior of the 
part* 



Ifcough largo drifts are reported, 
teams have had little trouble parsing back 
and forth between Mammoth and the Buffalo Farm. 
ISiroe doap snow drifts between Mamnotf and 
the top of the Golden date is the only rea- 
son *hy a team can not be driven to !Torria, 
2he winter keeper at the Old Faithful Inn f 
according to reports, id driving a oar in 
that district. 



Zhe depth of snow as has been 


l reported 


followst 






Beohler River, 


70 


inches • 


Snake Riter, 


56 


Immmmla 


Miller tarns* Cabin, 


24 


M 


Lamar River, 


20 


?t 


Upper Yellowstone, 


30 


" 


Qiumb, 


60 


ft 


Canyon, 


30 


T» 


Lake, 


30 


n 


Gardiner, 


f. 


n 


Ilellroarlng, 


6 


tt 


Buffalo Ranch, 


10 


r» 


Slough Crook, 


18 


M 


Tower Falls, 


14 


n 


Soda Butte, 


12 


ft 


Riverside, 


24 


e 


Gallatin, 


18 


ft 


Upper Basin, 


4 


« 


Horris, 


12 


?! 


Mammoth, 


5 


tmml oa# 



February Monthly Roport. Page 2* 

GENERAL CONDITIONS: 



Though extensive patrol ing waa un- 
necessary during the month, many of the men 
took advantage of the ideal weather conditions 
to cover their entire district. Due to the 
fact that the snow sticks to the skis during 
the middle of the day t all of this travel 
was carried on early in the morning and late 
in the evening* 



The most extensive patrol ing during 
the month was perfomed by Ass*t* Chief Ranger 
Joe Douglas, Hanger :%T. Sooyan and Ranger 
George v;inn, who mad 3 an attempt to count the 
Wild Buffalo in the eastern district of the 
park* 



£he oomon large herds of elk and 
deer were not to he found during the last 
of the month. These herds have split into 
small bands and are working very hi$* in the 
mountains* Enough a few bands are causing 
some trouble along the north line, 9<$ are 
HU in the interior of the part:* 

Trappeyst 



According to the reports from all 
cabins in the trapping district, the trappers 
have ceased operations for tho present* Martifc 
fur has began to "slip" and with the otter, 
they are traveling across country. 

These trappers are waiting for bear 
and beaver* Under present weather conditions, 
trapping of these animals will be of very 
little consequenae. 2he uncertainty of the 
martcet is a big asset from the protective 
standpoint. 



February Monthly Reportt Page 3. 

G B H B R A L CONDITION 
IftiLa' 

Huntlniri 

Another unusual feature of the pre* 
sent winter , is n the fact, aa far as we are 
able to ascertain* that no big gnne animal 
has been Killed out of aeasoa along the edges 
of the parte. In past years, local resldants 
Bade a practice of Killing gave whenever it 
was needod. 

Reports from tfce Forest Rangers of 
the Hellroarlng and Resae Oreek districts 
are to the effect that no depredations hare 
been found. The Hellroarine Rangers said that 
no elk had crossed the lino into their dls. 
triot, while in the district below Gardiner, 
about fire hindred head are woskine in and 
out of the parte. 



In spite of the warm weather dur- 
ing the month, it was necessary to feed both 
the elk and buffalo at the respective ranches. 

Buffalo Ranoht 

To hold the buffalo at t> e ranch, 
Laootnbe fed enough hay to keep them from 
becoming restless. He began feeding 396 head 
of bulls and oows January 9th 9 cleaning up 
about 3500 pounds per day. 2he first part 
of this month the stray bulls began to cone 

. !ho food was then increased to 4500 pounds 
each day. *Vith the mild weather and bare 
ridges, the buffalo have boen able to rustle 
all of the feed they can oonsttae with the 
amount being fed then. 

3ie vaccination of the calf hord 
was oosipleted November 5th # The calves were 
thrown in the oorrals and weaned at that 
tine. 2hey ate about 600 pounds each day until 
January 1st, when the feed was increased to 
about 750 pounds, ttiey are in the vory best 
of condition. 

Under existing weather conditions, 
feeding the buffalo will be stopped almost 
entirely, whioh will mean a saving of 40f5 of 
the crop* 



February Monthly Report t Page 4* 

Q 2 H E R A L CONDITIONS} 



Fee dlmrt 

Slough Croekt 

The marked success of tho feeding 
of the elk at Slough Creek has been shown to 
a larger extent this month. Wiile there are \/^ 
but 2000 head being fed there 9 this number 
would have been much larger had It not been 
for the exceedingly mild weather* 



Feeding operations at Slough Crook 
began November 29th , with three ton being fed 
each day* As the herd increased the amount of 
fed increased until five ton was fed to the 
elk and one ton to 42 head of horses being 
wintered at the ranch. 



Unless the horses are removed from 
the Slough Cre^k ~anoh, the hay supply will 
be exhausted before the end of Uaroh* At b the 
end of the month, only fifty five ton was 
left* Chief Hanger :«CBride and Hutohins both 
expressed the opinion that tho elk feeding 
at Slough Creek at the end of the month, will 
not leave there until practically all of the 
snow has left the country* 



Bjstrtbutlcyn; 



Per order of Juperintendent Albrigit , 
ono bull elk was trapped and shipped to the 
City parte of Sheridan, "/yo., February 8th t by 
express, charges collect* 



Hanger a tor Lawson was engaged in 
this work for more than ten days* As the bull 
a five point animal, had not shed hi 9 horns. 
Chief Hanger HCBrldo, Rangers Lawson and Bishop, 
sawed them off* 



Lawson has been ordered to trap two 
oalf elk fbr Dallas, Texas,* leather conditions 
will make the success a doubt* 



February Monthly Report: Page 5* 

OEHSHAL OOHDITIOKSi 

Predatory foilmals ; 



Park Hanger Henry Anderson waa or* 
dered to trap wolves and coyotes during the V 
month. His oatoh for the month of February 
was 86 coyotes • one fox. 



Humors of adverse nature to this 
administration led to articles being published 
to the effect that predatory animals were 
over running the parte. These reports are 
false* Bioxjgh predatory animals are quite 
common along the northern district line, it i ^ 

Is because of the lack of food for them* In 
past years* dead elk were numerous in the 
mountains 9 which caused thara to remain hi^i. 



One foE t reported killed by Ander- 
son, died from strychnine placed in the car- 
cass of an elk at a coyote setting* 



Other Hangers working in the north- 
ern district have killed a great many coyotes* 
The larger percent being females* 



An effort will bo made to clean out 
many of the wolf dens during the month of Mar- 
ch. These animals were making preparations to 
den up during the last fewedays of February* 
They are working In the Slough Creek and Spe- 
cimen Hidge district* Svo black wolves have 
been reported. 



pqffta Oountji 
(Wild hex*.) 

Ass f t* Chief Hanger Joe Douglas, 
with Parte Hanger S.T. sooyen were ordered to 
count as many of the wild buffalo herd as poss- 
ible in the Pelican district* After a search 
of eight days* covering the entire district. 
27 animals were found* 



February Monthly Report* Page 6* 

S H 23 R A L COOIIIOHSj 

Buffalo Count i 
(wild herd oont. ) 

By appointment, Douglas met Ranger Geo- 
rge Winn at the Cold Creek Cabin. From there 
the two patroled dowh the Laciar River* Foggy 
weather kept them from seeing all of the buff- 
alo in the district* but 28 head were found on 
/all) Cache Creek near Soda Butte* Another attotxpt 
will be made to count the remainder of the** 

TORKIKQ CONDITIONS: 



Febraury and Uarch are the two most fav- 
orable months, from our standpoint * for the 
mon to ttfce their annual leaves* In most cases 
the leave is not for more than two weeks* 

Leaveawere granted to the following dur- 
ing the month of February: 




C*0* Davis* 


Feb. 1, 


to 28, 


B*C* Laoombe, 


Feb. 14, 


to 19, 


W.M, Bishop. 


Feb. 1, 


to 2, 


F.J* I&wnsend, 


Feb. 1, 


to 5, 


Hans Larsen 4 


Feb, 14, 


to 18, 


Harry Trischman* 


Feb, 14, 


to 18, 


Janes Russell* 


Feb* 14, 


to 3/5. 


W # K* Purdue, 


Feb. 18, 


to 28, 


F.J. flownsend, * 


Feb* 5, 


to 28, 


C.B. Dewing, • 


Feb* 1 , 


to 24* 



\y 



• Approved sick leave, 
o/o 



£1 even visitors were registered at 
headquarters during the month, while four pass- 
engers were taken to Cooke City via the mail 
stage, caking a total of fifteen tourists in 
the parte during the month. 



Under present weather conditions, 
concessioners will find little trouble open- 
ing their establishments. 



1/ 



February Monthly Report. Ajfe, 7« 

A M S 00OITI0H3 : 
AHTSLOFEi 



Hanger Al McLaughlin spent the entire 
month working \7ith the antelope horde and re- 
ports them very easy to handle. So far this 
aea3on f none have been seen out of the parte 
and It will be very unlikely if any got away 
from us this season. They were feeding high 
and well back in the interior of tile park at 
the end of the molifth. 



During the course of his travel dur- 
ing the winter f McLaughlin says he has found 
the carcasses of three antelope. Two of which 
he is sure , were killed by coyotes. They 
unafraid of the predatory animals. 



A large calf crop is expected next 
suraaer as they were not nolested during the 
rutting season ami rnry favorable weather pre- 
vailed. 



BUFFALO* 
(Tame herd.) 

With the expeption of ttoe oowa 9 the 
entire tame buffalo herd is in excellent con- 
ditio^ the calves especially. At the first of 
the month t more than 30 bulls hod not returned 
to the herd t but at the end of the month f aver 
half of theta drifted in. to the ranch, Those 
that have not returned are wintering in the 
Hellroaring and Specimen Bidge districts. 



A. two month old buffalo calf was 
killed by and old bull February 19th. "Biq hide 
will be turned in to the Chief Hanger. 

(See feeding.) 

BUFFAL<3 » 
(Wild herd. ) 

See Buffalo Count. Page 5 and 6. 



February Monthly Report* Psge 8. 

GAME OOniTIOBS j 



Bands of doer are to be seen over 
the entire northern district but though they 
are well soattered. they fed olose together 
for protect ire reasons* Predatory animals have 
oaused thorn no little amount of trouble during 
the winter* 

ftiey aro working very high on the 
ridges* Bucks among the herds can be soon with 
one horn and quite often with both horns shed* 
l?7ith the shedding of the horns, both the bucks 
and does have began to slip their hair* 



/ 



v 



Sfce laro© herds ^inte^ing in the 
Hellroaring, Plough Cro^k and Laraaw Hiver 
districts have split into small bands and 
are feeding in districts very uneortaon for 
elk* 21k in tho eastern district of tho park 
is the surprise of the season* Another feature 
of the elk herds this winter has been the very 
small number of bulls seen* Ehey are reported 
high in the mountains and'lieep snow* 

At the end of the month the elk were 
feeding in the 3ou^i Creek. Hellroaring, Big 
Specimen. Norris. Cache Creek, Miller Creek, 
Lake. Mammoth Black Tail and Electric Peak 
districts. 



Through the entire winter Hungers 
were constantly on the look-out for the car- 
casses of lead elk* A cow, the first and only 
one to be reported, was found dead near the 
/ Power Plant* death due to natural causes* Eho 
the wolves and coyotes must kill a small per 
cent* the depmiations of the predatory animal 
has been very sli^it* 



Seven out of eleven bulls at Oxe 
Bow Creek had shad at least one of their horns* 
t$m Ticks are very common on the backs 

of the elk thou h being early for them* 



February Monthly Report, p^g* 9. 

PKRS0II8L : 

Jams Uo Bride : 

During entire month at Manooth form- 
ing Plana for 1921 tourist season* 

Harry jjriajihman: 



Herding ellc at Hellroaring. On leave* 
Returned to Hellroaring to relieve Dupuis. 



J.O. Douglaat 



Patrols froo Haoooth to Like, to 
Upper Yellows tone t ?elloan f Frost Lake, Cold Greek, 
Miller Creek, to Soda 3utte, on Buffalo oount* 



V.VL BlahoT> i 



At Chief Ranger 1 o Offioe. On leave. 
Trip to Buffalo Ranch, Soda Butte, Plough 
Creek, Tower Falls* 



Herding elk back on Everts . 
M HoLauffhUm 

Herding antelope alone line* 
fftBt PO»ln/»» 



On siok leave until the 24th* 
Ordered to .lough Creek to feed elk* 



Hans Larsen t 

loe pond. Trapping. Leave. Hellroarlw 
herding elk. * 



February Monthly Heport. Page 10* 

PERSONNEL % 
Peter Larson * 



Trapping elk for isheridan, V/yo., 
to Hellroaring to relieve Trischroan, to 
Mamaoth to trap elk for Dallas • 



C . Anderson? 

Feeding ellc at Slough Creek, 
Qeorfto v/lnns 



Patrol up Slough Greek, To Cache 
Creek, to Upper Laraar counting Buffalo. 
Return followed by patrols along north ana 
east line* 



H. Anderson s 



Packed Nations to HI Her Cr^ek. 
Trapping predatory -mimals . 



Jopes Pupals * 



Herding oik at Hellroaring. To 
Manmoth after forage* 



Trapping patrols near station/ 
BUT. Sooven s 



rola to Lake, through Upper Yell- 
owstone, through Pelican counting buffalo, to 
Cold creek to Upper Yellowstone. 



February Honthly Report. Page 11. 

PERSONNEL : 

0*0* Davis a 

On leave during entire month. 

J* J. Ruaae3, ls 



Patrils to 2iunb t to Mamaoth. 
On Leave from 14th. 



A* ft gjcKnell: 



Patrols to Park Point, to Polioan 
and Hot Springs formation. 



W.Si. Purdue t 



Patrols along south line. To Oe 
Oade oabin. On leave from 18th. 



Sari Soman: 



Patrols to Aster Creelc f to Eiurab 
and to Cascade oabin. 



g t J. foynaend,t 

On sick leave during entire month. 
aa^LUtle: 



To Cascade cabin* to Buffaol Lataa, 
along Boundry Creek, to Ash ton* 



[»ee Cottrell i 

Same as Little. Many short trips. 



February Monthly H sport. Pare 12. 

PERSONNEL « 



Patrols to South Riverside, Gray- 
llng cabin, West Yellowstone and to lladison 
Junction to ehorel snow fron building. 



Lather Pus ton 

Setae ae :>urdy. 
S.T. ttoodrln/r i 



Patrola to Sportsmen Ldto, to 
Grayling cabin, to Eldridge after nail. 



T1.T. Prasler i 



Patrols to f-portsman Lake* to 
Grayling cabin, over Bacon HMne to look 
for lost horsee. 



QTHSR wjLLi ? Q M P L fi I g B« 



Dead Horee x 

Hanger Hans Larsen found the onrcass 
of a pack-horse, known ae "Jonsy" on the 10th, 
near tho east forte of tho Gardlnor ?.lrer. The 
horse apparently died of old age. Its oaroaes 
la being used aa coyote bait. 

Notice of Sales 

Notice of she impounded horse at 
the Late Station was posted February 21st, 
which, unless olairaed, will be sold to the 
highest bidder llonday April 4th. 



Hides and heada shipped * 

Per instructions of Mr. Albright, 
two buffalo hides and one heal was shipped 






February Monthly Report. Pace lf» 

QHBR WORK gp^PLEg£p : 
Hides and Head Shlpped s 



to Mr. John itorcatroyd, of Brooklyn* H.Y. # 
for Mr. Edmund Beyraour. Proa, of the &aer~ 
loan Bison Society* 




Apcldonto ; 



Warren &• Eutohins, keeper at the 
Korae Ranch on Slouch Creek, suffered inter- 
nal injuries while pitching hay about the 
12th of the month* Circumstances have made 
it impossible to have him examined by a phy- 
sician. «5he indications are. he has developed 
a hyrala* 



Respectfully submitted. 



i si/vrt<** y/ 



James Mc3rlde, 
Chief Raider.